Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. In the context of biomass for energy, the term ‘biomass’ is usually used to refer to plant-based material used as fuel.
Biomass is an eco-friendly, powerful and energy efficient fuel source which will reduce your energy costs and environmental footprint.
As plants grow, they absorb carbon from the atmosphere in the form of CO2 by using energy from the sun. If the plants are eaten by animals then the carbon is converted into animal biomass. If plants are not eaten, then the plant material is broken down, either by rotting or by burning; thus carbon dioxide is released back into the atmosphere. This process is known as the carbon cycle.
Burning biomass fuels causes a Closed Carbon Cycle, as we are taking carbon out of the atmosphere while it is growing, and returning the exact same amount as it is burned. In this way there is zero CO2 emission.
The key difference between burning fossil fuels and burning biomass is one of time scale. Burning fossil fuels releases carbon that was locked up in biological material millions of years ago, which leads to increased CO2 levels in today’s atmosphere
Does using wood fuel for boilers damage woodland?
Because of the demand for logs and woodchip there are funds to better maintain and manage woodlands. Instead of damaging woodlands, sourcing wood improves bio-diversity and habitats, because the thinning, harvesting and coppicing of trees for woodfuel opens up the woodland floor to the sunlight. The Forest Stewardship Council is an international, non-governmental organisation dedicated to promoting responsible management of the world’s forests.
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